A History of Vertical Gardens From Simple Vines to Hydroponic Systems

scroll for the Space

~ MORE ~

NFL player faces discipline after shoving photographer after loss l GM A Las Vegas Raiders receiver Davante Adams is under
बीच रास्ते में शर्वानंद ने गाडी क्यों रोकी जब हीरोइन के पिताजी को हार्ट अटैक की वजह से हॉस्पिटल ले..
Biden leaves White House for 1st time since getting COVID-19 President Joe Biden departed for Rehoboth Beach, Delaware, on Sunday,
Justice Department appoints special counsel in Hunter Biden investigation Attorney General Merrick Garland has appointed Delaware U.S. Attorney David Weiss
Street Style Spicy Chicken Chowmein Recipe by Kitchen With Amna Today I am making Street Style Spicy Chicken Chowmein. How
Super Bowl LVII recap From the star-studded ads to Rihanna’s incredible halftime performance while pregnant, ABC News’ Will Ganss has
ABC News Prime: Nov. jobs report; Cruise passenger speaks out; John Stamos interview #abcnews #jobs #johnstamos Watch More on http://abcnews.go.com/
Severe storms move through South | GMA ABC News meteorologist Somara Theodore reports severe storms marching east bringing damaging winds
This is a list of all currently released and announced upcoming games for the Nintendo Switch.Released GamesTitle Developer Publisher Release

Explore S.

→ Story You’re Creating or Missing . . .

Your Space here :

204 people 👁️ing this randomly

Vertical gardens have been growing in our cities and homes for centuries. The surge in vertical gardening technology in the 20th century has made this fact easy to forget. So, in case you’ve forgotten, or maybe you never knew, here is a brief history of the evolution of vertical gardening!

via Landscape Architect’s Pages, Image © Davis Landscape Architecture Ltd, London, UK

IN THE BEGINNING, THERE WERE VINES

The first vertical gardens date back to 3000 BCE in the Mediterranean area. Grape vines (Vitis spp.) were, and continue to be, a very popular food crop for people in the region, so they were commonly grown in fields, homes, and gardens throughout the area. Sometimes vines were planted for the purpose of growing food, and others to simply provide shade in places where planting trees was not an option. Above is an example of Vitis vinifera that is being grown today in Greece.

University of Toronto’s Falconer Hall covered in Boston Ivy (Parthenocissus tricuspidata) image © Tamara Urben-Imbeault

In the last couple centuries, vine-based gardening has spread steadily throughout the world, aided largely by the Garden City Movement. The Garden City sought to integrate nature into the city, and because of the limited footprint needed for vertical gardens on grade, they quickly became an easy and fairly inexpensive way to green many cities. Species like Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia), English Ivy (Hedera helix) and Boston Ivy (Parthenocissus tricuspidata) are historically some of the most commonly planted vine species. Still widely used today, these plants are looked upon favorably for their ability to survive various climates and affix themselves to facades without the help of a trellis.

RELATED STORY: Vertical Gardens: A Brief Introduction

Although vertical gardening has existed throughout history, its modern-day popularity boom didn’t begin until the 1980s. In particular, German government incentives for city greening led to the creation of many vertical gardening projects, sparking further research into the living wall’s thermal benefits.

In 1987, leading German researcher Manfred Köhler wrote a thesis on vertical gardens’ thermal properties–how the green insulation layer cools buildings in the summer and retains heat in the winter–and it remains to this day a primary source on vertical gardening in colder climates. Köhler has since collaborated with researchers around the world, and has contributed to a famous German guide to vertical gardening: The Forschungsgesellschaft Landschaftsentwicklung Landschaftsbau (FLL) Richthimie für die Planning, Ausführing und Pflege von Fassadengegrüngen. It was first published in 1995, with a second edition published in 2000. Unfortunately, the guide is only available in German and it is unknown if the FLL has plans to translate it into any other languages.

Espaliered Pear Tree. image via Wikipedia

ESPALIERED TREES

The next incarnation of vertical gardening is known as Espalier. Espaliered trees became very popular in France in 2500 BCE and continue to be grown around the world today. Espaliers are usually fruit bearing trees, with apple and pear trees as the most commonly used species. The trees are tied to a wire framework or fence in order to train the young branches to grow into specific shapes (the process bears many similarities to the process undertaken to create a bonsai). They are grown in various patterns, the most popular of which are horizontal lines, 45° lines, and diamond shapes. The pattern shown above is known as Candelabra.

Mur Vegetal at the Taipeh Concert Hall, image © Patrick Blanc

HYDROPONIC WALLS

Back in the 1980s, the world renowned French botanist Patrick Blanc began to experiment with his trademark hydroponic system, Mur Vegetale, which he has now applied to massive internationally-acclaimed green wall projects around the world. His first major project was completed in 1996, and he has since gone on to work with some of the most internationally recognized architects worldwide.

Blanc’s gardens are probably the most widely recognizable type of vertical garden by the general public. Amazingly, his lush creations subsist on a growing medium comprising just two thin sheets of felt, with a total thickness of only a couple millimeters. This means the system is relatively lightweight and soil-free. Because of the lack of soil, hydroponically-grown green walls are susceptible to fewer pests and fewer structural modifications are needed to accommodate the weight. Since the first installation of Mur Vegetale, many similar systems have turned up on the market.

University of Guelph’s Humber Campus Biowall. Designed by Nedlaw. image via Crossey Engineering Ltd.

BIOWALLS

In the 1990s, another interesting development in the technology of vertical gardening took place at the Guelph University’s Humber Campus in Toronto, where a team of researchers built and tested a hydroponic vertical garden that would double as a giant air filter. This research, initially funded by NASA, evolved into a company by the name of Nedlaw, which currently operates out of Ontario.

Vertical gardening is continuing to change and grow in the DIY community as well. Many popular projects involve re-using various materials like old eaves troughs, shipping pallets, and shoe organizers. These more DIY style vertical gardens will be covered in a future post in a few weeks.

Keep watching for the next post in Land8’s Vertical Gardening Series where we will explore “Vertical Gardens and the [Macro + Micro] Climate”!

Lead image © Tamara Urben-Imbeault

Written by Tamara Urben-Imbeault, M.L.Arch. student at the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. She is currently working on her design thesis entitled “Vertical Gardening in Cold Weather Climates”
Contact: umurbeni[at]myumanitoba.ca or t.urbendesign[at]gmail.com

Sources:

Blanc, Patrick. (2008) The Vertical Garden From Nature To The City. New York: W. W. Norton & Company Inc.

Green Roofs for Healthy Cities, GRHC (2010) Green Walls 101: Systems Overview and Design Second Edition Participant’s Manual. Green Roofs for Healthy Cities.

Hum, Ryan and Lai, Pearl (2007) Assessment of Biowalls: An Overview of Plant-and-Microbiral-based Indoor Air Purification System. Physical Plant Services, Queen’s University.

Nedlaw Living Walls Inc (2011). Living Walls – Green Walls. Retrieved from http://www.naturaire.com/

Prairie Public Television; PBS (2014). The Lost Gardens of Babylon Guide To Ancient Plants. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wnet/secrets/uncategorized/the-lost-gardens-of-babylon-guide-to-ancient-plants/1176/

Peck SW, Callaghan C, Bass B, Kuhn ME. Research report: greenbacks from green roofs: forging a new industry in Canada. Ottawa, Canada: Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC); 1999.

Published in Blog

Content Source Link

*Anyone can Edit/Enhance this open Space.

feel the openness !

*We never ask, store or use your personal data - feel free to use our universal open profile Szen(s.user) during Entry and Publish/Edit any Story/Space.


To use your personal account, please log in or register on this site

Tap : Entry
Login: s.user
Password: s.321


You may Publish/Edit now

Watch How Well W'r Working !

Cannes 2022: Best red carpet fashion Written by Leah Dolan, CNNAs the 75th annual Cannes Film Festival draws to a
Fatalities have been overlooked or downplayed, understating the human toll of the country’s outbreak, which accounts for nearly half of
STRAWBERRY Rava Kesari Recipe | Sweet Indian Dessert | Healthy Fruit Recipe | Halwa Recipe STRAWBERRY Rava Kesari Recipe |
LIVE: ABC News Live - Monday, September 25 | ABC News SUBSCRIBE to ABC News on YouTube: https://bit.ly/2vZb6yP Latest updates:
VACATION Bean | Mr Bean Full Episode | Mr Bean Official Mr. Bean goes to a hotel where he causes
Donald Trump under fire for dinner with controversial figures Ye and Nick Fuentes ABC News political director Rick Klein examines
Scandalous | Full Urban Drama Movie **This film is under license from Vision Films Inc. All rights reserved** Scandalous -
HOW TO MAKE A RAINBOW SANDWICH ???? #SHORTS It's yummy!???? Cook tasty rainbow cheese and spaghetti to surprise your family
Police departments struggle to recruit and retain officers ABC News’ Jay O’Brien reports on police facing staffing shortages as officers
We’ve detected that JavaScript is disabled in this browser. Please enable JavaScript or switch to a supported browser to continue


*If You're not ok with openness, you may try our this private/personal platform:

personalSpace

Or You May Use Both openspace and personalspace Simultaneously.


0

Publication author

offline 2 months

Szen

0
universal open profile to Publish/Edit Story
Comments: 1Publics: 26087Registration: 07-07-2022

Leave a Comment

Authorization
*
*
Password generation